The Family Radio Service (FRS) is a private, two-way, short-distance voice and data communications service for facilitating family and group activities. The most common use for FRS channels is short-distance, two-way voice communications using small hand-held radios that are similar to walkie-talkies.
The FRS is authorized 22 channels in the 462 MHz and 467 MHz range, all of which are shared with GMRS. FRS is licensed by rule. This means an individual license is not required to operate an FRS radio provided you comply with the rules. You may operate an FRS radio regardless of your age, and for personal or for business use if you are not a representative of a foreign government.
Other services that allow similar communications include the General Mobile Radio Service (GMRS) and the Multi-Use Radio Service (MURS).
The General Mobile Radio Service (GMRS) is a licensed radio service that uses channels around 462 MHz and 467 MHz. The most common use of GMRS channels is for short-distance, two-way voice communications using hand-held radios, mobile radios and repeater systems. In 2017, the FCC expanded GMRS to also allow short data messaging applications including text messaging and GPS location information.
The GMRS is available to an individual for short-distance two-way communications to facilitate the activities of licensees and their immediate family members. Each licensee manages a system consisting of one or more transmitting units (stations.) The rules for GMRS limit eligibility for new GMRS system licenses to individuals in order to make the service available to personal users.
An FCC license is required to operate GMRS system. You may apply for a GMRS license if you are 18 years or older and not a representative of a foreign government. Licenses are issued for a ten-year term and can be renewed between 90 days prior to the expiration date and up to the actual expiration date of the license. After a license expires, an individual must request a new GMRS license. If you receive a license, any family member, regardless of age, can operate GMRS stations and units within the licensed system.
Channel 1: 462.5625 MHz, FRS/GMRS
Channel 2: 462.5875 MHz, FRS/GMRS
Channel 3: 462.6125 MHz, FRS/GMRS
Channel 4: 462.6375 MHz, FRS/GMRS
Channel 5: 462.6625 MHz, FRS/GMRS
Channel 6: 462.6875 MHz, FRS/GMRS
Channel 7: 462.7125 MHz, FRS/GMRS
Channel 8: 467.5625 MHz, FRS
Channel 9: 467.5875 MHz, FRS
Channel 10: 467.6125 MHz, FRS
Channel 11: 467.6375 MHz, FRS
Channel 12: 467.6625 MHz, FRS
Channel 13: 467.6875 MHz, FRS
Channel 14: 467.7125 MHz, FRS
Channel 15: 462.55 MHz, GMRS
Channel 16: 462.575 MHz, GMRS
Channel 17: 462.6 MHz, GMRS
Channel 18: 462.625 MHz, GMRS
Channel 19: 462.65 MHz, GMRS
Channel 20: 462.675 MHz, GMRS
Channel 21: 462.7 MHz, GMRS
Channel 22: 462.725 MHz, GMRS